The possibility of future human habitation in the ocean is not a mere fantasy but a potential reality, as affirmed by the visionary designer behind the world’s first underwater city. In this article, we delve into the fascinating concept of oceanic living, examining its feasibility with the help of technology and exploring the intricacies of constructing such a city. Join us on this exciting journey as we navigate the possibilities and challenges of creating a thriving metropolis beneath the waves.
The underwater city has been around for a long time
The movie Black Panther Wakanda Forever introduces a villain named Namor. A major character, known for living in the water and ruling the mythical kingdom of Atlantis. Let’s skip the underwater breath part and the real Atlantis part. Focuses on the fact that Namor’s people live in a city deep under the ocean. According to Philip Pauley, a futurist who promotes the potential of underwater cities, the idea is not as far-fetched as one might think.
“The most notable pioneer of aquatic habitation is Jacques Cousteau,” he said. “He built some aquatic habitats in the 1970s. These tend to be pretty small, but there’s nothing stopping us from building something bigger. It will only require time, money and resources.”
Pauley’s own design for an underwater community, has attracted the interest of film producers and NASA. The city consists of a central biosphere surrounded by eight smaller biospheres.
How to design an underwater city
The dome design “seems obvious,” he said. “Water can move around it pretty easily. It can bear the greatest pressure. An alternative, more cost-effective shape would be the square. But it will depend on where you want to build your city. However, having a strong stream of force pushing against a flat surface is never a good idea.”
Location, adds Pauley, is crucial. A complex built close to the surface benefits from easy access to supplies and will be easier to escape if needed. “Building at greater depths means heavier and more expensive materials,” he said.
That said, building a deeper structure means strong water pressure can be used to generate electricity. “It’s a way to generate sustainable energy,” he said. “A small nuclear reactor is another matter. You can use surface wave motion, solar or wind turbines. You can use many types of renewable energy.”
Likewise, there are many options for food. “You can bring livestock and chickens on board or raise fish,” says Pauley. “You can grow meat, go completely vegan or get takeout.” Meanwhile, oxygen can easily be made from the surrounding water or extracted from the surface.
However, living in the water still has its disadvantages
But Pauley admits that living deep underwater for long periods of time. It can be psychologically difficult. “There is an isolation problem,” he said. “For mental health, you need sunlight and vitamin D. You can reproduce daylight with LEDs. But this is another reason to build near the surface. So that people don’t feel cut off from the world.”
Pauley sees underwater cities as a solution. Examples are potential problems such as overpopulation. Or give us an option in the event of a doomsday scenario. “It makes more economic and environmental sense than establishing a colony on Mars, but that’s where a lot of the money is going to go.”
Why so? Pauley’s theory holds that the ocean is more politicized than space. “It has a lot of interested parties. Examples include government, mining and cable companies, military, oil industry. There’s a lot going on down there, and they don’t want anyone to monitor them!” Or maybe they actually found Atlantis.
So is the underwater city really applied and built in the future? When the world population explodes. This is highly dependent on the cultural, political and resource contexts of each country. However, the appearance of the underwater city will happen in the not too distant future.